Proteam UP! The Research
Amino acid: The building blocks that make up a protein molecule.
Code: A rule for converting one type of information into another, usually simpler or more complicated.
Cell: Basic unit of life. Unicellular organisms only have one cell. Multicellular organisms have many cells.
DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid. The material inside the nucleus of cells, carrying the genetic information of a living being.
Molecule: A collection of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Monomer: Small molecule that can join end to end with other monomers to form a polymer molecule.
Organism: Living entity, e.g., animals, plants or microorganisms.
Polymer: A large molecule formed from many identical smaller molecules known as monomers.
Protein: Organic compound made up of amino acid molecules. One of the three main food groups, proteins are needed by the body for cell growth and repair.
Protein synthesis: The production of proteins from amino acids, which happens in the ribosomes of the cell.
Ribosome: The site of protein synthesis.